Natural Gas Storage Levels End Withdrawal Season Near 10-Year Highs: What to Know This Week
What You Need to Know About Energy Prices This Week
Natural gas concluded withdrawal season (March 31st) at 2,051 Bcf, trailing only 2012 and 2016 for the highest level in the past 10 years.
Although storage levels are high, given the historical context, this year’s end-of-season figure lagged behind last year’s record-setting 2,478 Bcf by 427 Bcf. Last year also saw the all-time record for the highest level of gas in storage, at 4,047 on November 4th.
Gas in storage is a good barometer for the direction of gas prices. Indeed, the 2012 and 2016 season-ending storage reports sparked troughs in the historical 12-month rolling strip shortly thereafter. Despite the favorable storage level for 2017, strip pricing has not seen an accompanying dip so far this year. The current incongruence with the fundamentals might suggest a future decline in prices, but because it comes so closely on the heels of 2016 and the lowest gas prices on record, there may be other factors having a greater impact on the market.
A Brief Primer on Energy Markets
Every week, EnerNOC’s energy intelligence team analyzes the market developments driving energy prices. In this weekly article, you’ll see a lot of discussion about energy generation sources, such as natural gas, coal, nuclear, and some renewable and distributed energy resources. You’ll also see a lot of talk about the factors affecting generation: weather, production, storage levels, natural disasters, geopolitical events, and so on.
The connections between the drivers and the energy markets are complex, but here’s what you should know in a nutshell. Weather is a key driver because it has a direct impact on demand for electricity and natural gas. Temperature extremes cause spikes in demand for natural gas, either directly for home heat or indirectly as a fuel source to generate electricity for air conditioning. Similarly, unexpected natural disasters or geopolitical events could suddenly affect supply, which has a similar downstream effect on pricing. And, of course, any change in pricing is going to affect your organization’s energy costs. Keeping up with new developments in the market is important to ensuring you don’t miss opportunities that could save significant money for your business over the long term.
If this is all still a little confusing, talk to an energy procurement expert to learn why the factors affecting energy markets actually matter to your business. Or check out our other content to learn more about what drives energy prices and how you can turn temporary low-price opportunities into long-term savings.
What's Driving the Market Up?
In the short term:
- Four vessels exporting liquefied natural gas departed last week, carrying a total capacity of 14.3 Bcf
In the long term:
The US Energy Information Administration (EIA) projects 4% year-over-year growth in gas used to generate power
EIA projects that 2017 natural gas prices could average $4/MMBtu
Cheniere Energy, the operator of the Sabine Pass terminal, received authorization from FERC to commence liquefaction and export activities from Train 3
According to the EIA, US is on its way to being a net energy exporter
Liquefied natural gas exports have begun and are expected to average 1.8 Bcf/d, up from about 0.6 Bcf/d in 2016
PJM’s board of directors has approved higher tariff rates through 2024 to help cover operating and administrative costs
21 GW of generating capacity expected to retire by 2020
What's Driving the Market Down?
In the short term:
Above-average temperatures expected for the majority of the US in the next two weeks
Working gas stocks were at their second highest end-of-march levels in the past five years
US total rig count climbs for the third straight week, reaching 839
Gas in storage completed the withdrawal season above 2 Tcf
In the long term:
Rover Pipeline & Atlantic Sunrise Project win FERC approval
Nuclear industry targets 30% cost reduction by 2018 in order to increase competitiveness in the market
FERC has approved the construction of capacity enhancement for the Rockies Express Pipeline
Pipeline flows from the Algonquin Gas Transmission’s Incremental Market project started on November 1
The US electric grid is expected to add almost 55 GW of generating capacity, most of which will be wind, solar, and natural gas
28,607 MW of natural gas capacity is expected to come online between 2015 and 2017
Strong growth from shale gas is expected to continue
How Are Natural Gas Prices Trending?
This chart shows how month-ahead prices for natural gas are settling on the New York Mercantile Exchange. It is a good indicator of where the market is, relative to where it has been over the past four years.
What Do Forward Natural Gas Markets Look Like?
Henry Hub represents a main distribution center for natural gas. Activity at the Henry Hub is considered a benchmark for natural gas prices in markets across the country, including the NYMEX and OTC Global Holdings. This chart shows how Henry Hub forward prices for natural gas have trended over the past calendar year.
1 Year Trend of Power Around-the-Clock Calendar Year Prices
Prices for power are constantly fluctuating, and it can be difficult to know exactly when they are going to spike or plummet. These charts show how future power prices have trended over the past calendar year for New England (ISO-NE), the mid-Atlantic region (PJM), New York City (NYISO Zone J), and Northern Illinois.
1 Year Trend of Natural Gas Calendar Year Prices
While the Henry Hub provides the benchmark, prices tend to vary based on regional factors. These charts show how forward prices are trending over the previous calendar year at the hubs for New England (Algonquin), New York (both Transco Z6 NonNY and Transco Z6 NY) and Chicago (Chicago City Gate).
Extreme swings in weather can significantly impact energy prices. These maps depict forecasts courtesy of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Blue shading indicates areas with a high probability of seeing below-average temperatures, and red shading shows areas that are likely to see above-average (white areas are most likely to see average temperatures for their climate). The darker the shade of either color, the higher the probability that the corresponding area will see abnormal weather.
For questions about this week's article, contact EnerNOC Energy Analyst Ricky Ghoshroy.